How to Use the Time Telling Aid
The clock face included in this newsletter (Figure A) can be used as a work sheet in two different ways. One way is to have a person point to the hour and minutes on this clock face. This should be done both orally and visually. For example you tell the person to show you 1:25 on the clock face. The person will point to the large 1 on the inner circle of numbers and to the small 25 on the outer circle of numbers. This exercise should be completed daily until the person can easily point to the correct time. To have the person practice reading digital clock and converting to the analog clock face, give the person a list of various times as they would appear on a digital clock and have him or her point to the hour and minute on this clock face. At this time, dont worry about the concept of the small hand being between the hour numbers unless the person inquires about it. (This skill is added later). Another way to use this worksheet is to have the person draw the hands on the clock face which correspond to the digital times that you say or they read. This exercise should be repeated until the person can identify the correct hour and minute.
After the person can easily identify the hour and the minute, the concept of the small hand moving gradually to the next hour can be introduced. Place a small mark halfway between each of the inner circle numbers, and instruct the person to draw the small hand on the side of the hour of the lesser number if the minutes are less than 30 and on the side closer to the larger number of the hour if the minutes are more than 30. (Figure B) Once this concept is understood and the person can correctly position the hour and minute hands, then two more marks can be made between the numbers on the inner circle. Now the person draws the small hand between the smaller number and the first mark for minutes less than 15, between this mark and the middle mark for minutes between 15 and 30. between the middle mark and the third mark for minutes between 30 and 45 and between the third mark and the next hour for minutes between 45 and 60. Now these marks can be labeled 1/4, 1/2/ and 3/4 and the concept of fractions of hours can be introduced and practiced.A More Permanent Clock Face.
To make a more permanent clock face, you can glue this clock face to a piece or cardboard or wood. Make the clock hands out of more durable material and this time telling aid will help many people learn to tell time.